Compliance Made Simple 2 Agenda “For example, calcium and vitamin D deficiencies can cause osteopenia or osteoporosis, two conditions marked by brittle bones,” says Kate Patton, MEd, RD, a registered dietitian at the Cleveland Clinic in Ohio. Deficiency definition, the state of being deficient; lack; incompleteness; insufficiency. Some studies estimating that nearly 42 percent of the U.S. population may have a vitamin D deficiency. “And inadequate iron can cause anemia, which zaps your energy. Small-scale studies reveal that zinc supplementation combined with antidepressant therapy can be effective in the treatment of patients with major depression. A lack of Vitamin D may also affect the severity of sleep apnea, with lower D levels linked to more severe cases of OSA in several recent studies. Several recent studies have shown a connection between Vitamin D deficiency and risk of sleep apnea. However, studies have shown that zinc is essential to protecting against oxidative stress and helping DNA repair - meaning that in the face of zinc deficiency, the body's ability to repair genetic damage may be decreasing even as the amount of damage is going up. Where available, calcium- and vitamin D–fortified foods should be regularly consumed. In particular the psychological symptoms such as depression, which precede the more severe physical symptoms by a number of year, are rarely properly diagnosed as being the result of a B12 deficiency. There is a need for more studies on the relation between vegan diets and risk of cancer, diabetes, and osteoporosis. • observational studies: inconsistent • Prospective studies: possibly • metanalysis showed inverse relation between cancer risk between 27 and 35 ng/ml in post- but not pre-menopausal women. Several recent studies have shown a connection between vitamin D deficiency and risk of sleep apnea. ( 1 ) Older adults, people with dark skin, those who are overweight or obese, and those with limited sun exposure are at an even higher risk of deficiency. Researchers in Spain have provided an intriguing coronavirus update, in the form of a study that found a strong likelihood that Vitamin D deficiencies might explain why so many people were hospital… Reporting Deficiencies Case Studies Sept. 17, 2014 Presented by: Sonia Luna . The deficiency of 25-hydroxy-vitamin D is a major public health issue worldwide. Nutrient deficiencies can also lead to other diseases. Vitamin B-12 deficiency is a potential problem for vegans, so that the use of vitamin B-12–fortified foods or supplements are essential. Deficiency definition is - the quality or state of being defective or of lacking some necessary quality or element : the quality or state of being deficient : inadequacy. Recent studies indicate that latent B12 deficiency is extremely common but rarely identified (2, 3). 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