In the address, Bryan supported bimetallism or "free silver", which he believed would bring the nation prosperity. We defy them! Metaphors … William Jennings Bryan Cross of Gold Speech and Questions.pdf. Not only that, but as he listens he can hear with ever increasing distinctness the sound of the waves as they beat upon the lonely shores of St. Helena. Never before in the history of American politics has a great issue been fought out as this issue has been by the voters themselves. If they say bimetallism is good but we cannot have it till some nation helps us, we reply that, instead of having a gold standard because England has, we shall restore bimetallism, and then let England have bimetallism because the United States have. In the address, Bryan supported bimetallism or "free silver", which he believed would bring the nation prosperity.He decried the gold standard, concluding the speech, "you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross … There are two ideas of government. Shall we, their descendants, when we have grown to 70 million, declare that we are less independent than our forefathers? Conditions have arisen and we are attempting to meet those conditions. Ah, my friends. Bryan was among the most influential losers in American political history. Cross of Gold Speech: The person who gave the Cross of Gold speech was a Democratic politician, William Jennings Bryan. He delivered this famous speech during the Democratic National Convention, Chicago on July 9, 1896. It was not unconstitutional when it went before the Supreme Court for the first time. I tell you that the great cities rest upon these broad and fertile prairies. Instructors: CLICK HERE to request a free trial account (only available to college instructors) Primary Source Readers. The thirty-six-year-old former Congressman from Nebraska aspired to be the Democratic nominee for president, and he had been skillfully, but quietly, building support for himself among the delegates. These cartoons are grouped by the general sentiment they represent about William Jennings Bryan, his political campaigns, and his ambitions. It is the issue of 1776 over again. Wikimedia. Artist’s conception of William Jennings Bryan after the Cross of Gold speech, 1900. When the agrarian wing of the Democratic Party nominated the Nebraska congressman in 1896, Bryan’s fiery condemnation of northeastern financial interests and his impassioned calls for “free and unlimited coinage of silver” co-opted popular Populist issues. William Jennings Bryan's Cross of Gold speech is often considered one of the most famous speeches in American political history. But in this contest, brother has been arrayed against brother, and father against son. Chromolithograph, 28 x 21 in., printed by Gugler Litho, Chicago and Milwaukee. Instructors: CLICK HERE to request a free trial account (only available to college instructors) Primary Source Readers. W.J. In this system, each currency was pegged to gold, meaning the U.S. dollar was convertible to a fixed amount of gold per dollar. Cartoons Dealing with Bryan and Religion (including references to the 'Cross of Gold' speech) 20 August, Sound Money 5 September, Harper's Weekly 19 September, Judge 10 October, St. Louis Post-Dispatch 20 October, L.A. Times 22 October, St. Louis Post-Dispatch: Campaign Song Bryan was a large political figure, but never an effective leader. When this debate is concluded, a motion will be made to lay upon the tabl… The gold standard assumed the United States had enough gold to back up all its currency in circulation, which meant currency was n… They can find where the holders of fixed investments have. Date: 1896: Source: Cartoon by Grant Hamilton, printed in Judge magazine, 1896. McKinley opposed Populist ideas. The income tax is a just law. Finally, he wound up as a kind of “fundamentalist pope” (according to H.L. Bryan begins the … Never before in the history of this country has there been witnessed such a contest as that through which we have passed. William Jennings Bryan Political Cartoons. Mr. Carlisle said in 1878 that this was a struggle between the idle holders of idle capital and the struggling masses who produce the wealth and pay the taxes of the country; and my friends, it is simply a question that we shall decide upon which side shall the Democratic Party fight. The subject of this political cartoon is William Jenning's Bryan's. But destroy our farms and the grass will grow in the streets of every city in the country. The response, wrote one reporter, “came like one great burst of artillery.” Men and women screamed and waved their hats and canes. Reprinted in The Annals of America, Vol. the house in this image, typical of those built by homesteaders adapting to their physical environment on the Great Plains, was made from . The address is widely considered one of the greatest political speeches ever made. On the 4th of March, 1895, a few Democrats, most of them members of Congress, issued an address to the Democrats of the nation asserting that the money question was the paramount issue of the hour; asserting also the right of a majority of the Democratic Party to control the position of the party on this paramount issue; concluding with the request that all believers in free coinage of silver in the Democratic Party should organize and take charge of and control the policy of the Democratic Party. We have entreated, and our entreaties have been disregarded. I shall object to bringing this question down to a level of persons. They criticize us for our criticism of the Supreme Court of the United States. Political Cartoon Analysis Worksheet Name: Visuals List the objects or people you see in the cartoon Put a mark next to the objects that are symbols List what you think each symbol means Did the cartoonist exaggerate any of the objects or the physical features of a person or people in the cartoon? That will give you criticisms. I ask him, if he will apply his logic to us, why he does not apply it to himself. They have tried to strain it to mean that which it does not mean. Robber Baron or Captain of Industry Figures … Uncle Sam replies, "No, Sonny! We go forth confident that we shall win. Bryan uses religious imagery to stir up the pathos (emotion) of the crowd. American History I Review. Please enable Cookies and reload the page. Cloudflare Ray ID: 61e933274ac7082c Progressive Era Legislation Political Cartoon and questions.pdf. Gilded Age Political Cartoon.PDF. . • Bryan’s address helped catapult him to the Democratic Party’s presidential nomination; it is considered one of the greatest political speeches in American history. The most famous speech in American political history was delivered by William Jennings Bryan on July 9, 1896, at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago. This speech quickly became one of the most famous in American history, and led to Bryan's nomination for president. Populism Political Cartoons. Because upon the paramount issue in this campaign there is not a spot of ground upon which the enemy will dare to challenge battle. I do not understand who each person is in this cartoon. It simply intends to put the burdens of government justly upon the backs of the people. In 1896, William Jennings Bryan ran unsuccessfully for President of the United States.Bryan, a former Democratic congressman from Nebraska, gained his party's presidential nomination in July of that year after electrifying the Democratic National Convention with his Cross of Gold speech.He was defeated in the general election by the Republican candidate, former Ohio governor William McKinley. All of the above make sense except the allusion to Heaven's gold streets. The Cross of Gold was a speech given by William Jennings Bryan at the Democratic National Convention in 1896 which advocated for bimetallism, or the use of both gold and silver in funding the currency. We say in our platform that we believe that the right to coin money and issue money is a function of government. He says that we are opposing the national bank currency. If you will read what Thomas Benton said, you will find that he said that in searching history he could find but one parallel to Andrew Jackson. What effect was the cartoonist trying to achieve by … When you come before us and tell us that we shall disturb your business interests, we reply that you have disturbed our business interests by your action. [Note on the recording: In 1896 recording technology was in its infancy, and recording a political convention would have been impossible. To analyze political cartoons, start by looking at the picture and identifying the main focus of the cartoon, which will normally be exaggerated for comic effect. They are not needed but create unordinary speech. What we oppose in that plank is the life tenure that is being built up in Washington which establishes an office-holding class and excludes from participation in the benefits the humbler members of our society. What was the primary effect of Natives Americans being confined to reservations? Bryan’s Cross of Gold speech at 1896 Democratic National Convention, which he concluded with the fiery statement that “you shall not crucify mankind upon a cross of gold,” secured him the Democratic nomination for President in 1896. Second, like many people, Bryan thought the gold standard disadvantaged the working classes and farmers by keeping the price of debt high. Style of campaigning. In the speech, Bryan explains his support for bimetallism or "free silver" … Having behind us the commercial interests and the laboring interests and all the toiling masses, we shall answer their demands for a gold standard by … Let me assure him that not one person in all this convention entertains the least hostility to the people of the state of Massachusetts. Now, my friends, let me come to the great paramount issue. We come to speak for this broader class of businessmen. ('Cross of Gold speech) with this speech he won the presidential nomination. The Cross of Gold was a speech given by William Jennings Bryan at the Democratic National Convention in 1896 which advocated for bimetallism, or the use of both gold and silver in funding the currency. The attorney in a country town is as much a businessman as the corporation counsel in a great metropolis. Make note of which parts of the symbols are exaggerated, and note any stereotypes that the artists is playing with. It is for these that we speak. I never did take any of that stuff, and I'm too old to begin!" Mr. Jefferson, who was once regarded as good Democratic authority, seems to have a different opinion from the gentleman who has addressed us on the part of the minority. He served as a Nebraska congressman and the 41st US Secretary of State; he unsuccessfully ran for United States presidency three times and for United States Senate once. (Wikipedia). William Jennings Bryan: “Cross of Gold” Speech (1896) Commentary by Lewis L. Gould, University of Texas at Austin. I shall not slander the fair state of Massachusetts nor the state of New York by saying that when citizens are confronted with the proposition, “Is this nation able to attend to its own business?”—I will not slander either one by saying that the people of those states will declare our helpless impotency as a nation to attend to our own business. In 1921 (25 years after the original speech), he recorded portions of the speech for Gennett Records in Richmond, Indiana. They tell us that this platform was made to catch votes. their traditional nomadic way of life was increasingly restricted. He says that he wants this country to try to secure an international agreement. I deny it. The audio portion is an excerpt. The farmer who goes forth in the morning and toils all day, begins in the spring and toils all summer, and by the application of brain and muscle to the natural resources of this country creates wealth, is as much a businessman as the man who goes upon the Board of Trade and bets upon the price of grain. Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen of the Convention: I would be presumptuous, indeed, to present myself against the distinguished gentlemen to whom you have listened if this were a mere measuring of abilities; but this is not a contest between persons. One of the most famous speeches in American political history, Jennings Bryan’s “Cross of Gold” was delivered on July 9, 1896, at the Democratic National Convention in Chicago. The burdens of government used biblical images to frame the money question as a tailor, is the of. William Jennings Bryan as a moral issue speech ), he recorded portions of the same issues today our. 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