The 1,000-year and pan-European extent of Roman history takes in an enormous culinary range. Traditionally, a breakfast called ientaculum was served at dawn. Roman food history predicted that Romans has styles on how they prepare and eat their meals for breakfast, lunch and dinner. Yet dietary requirements were not static. In the UK the heyday of dinner was in the Middle Ages. For sure Roman emperors ate breakfast as other normal Romans, but it was much more luxurious and plentiful. The meal was mostly bread, salad, olives, cheese, fruits, nuts, and cold food left over from the dinner the evening before. Often the meal consisted of the leftovers of the previous day's cena. It was known as "cena", Latin for dinner. What did the Roman Army eat? ... What was breakfast called? Ancient Roman Breakfast Time . Prandium. The next meal (lunch) was called the "prandium". The vomitorium. When taking a look at the eating habits of the ancient Romans, you will find that there is a distinct difference between the way lower class and upper class Romans conducted their daily activities. A high-calorie regimen was essential to the Roman soldier diet. OTHER SETS BY THIS CREATOR "Abras Wildes Hexenwunder" (5) 36 Terms. What was lunch called? Breakfast, as the Romans called it jentaculum, includes bread that is salted, dried fruits, cheese and eggs, and accompanied by either milk or wine. What were some of the birds the Romans ate? On some special occasions they would eat hot meat or vegetables for lunch. They ate lunch around 11 a.m.. The first meal (breakfast) was called the "ientaculum." Mission of the Roman Legionary In short, the typical Roman legionary ate large quantities of food. Click to see full answer. Dinner was the one meal the Romans did eat, even if it was at a different time of day. Peacocks, flamingos and swans. Cena. The prandium was a very small meal eaten around 11 AM. Plebeian food. Due to the lack of money and low incomes of the plebeians the variety of the food they ate was small. With the increased importation of foreign foods, the cena grew larger in size and included a wider range of foods. Sometimes the bread was dipped in wine or sprinkled with raisins. The Romans ate cheese a great deal. How did the rich Romans eat? Lower class Romans, which were referred to as plebeians, may start off their day eating dry bread. Roman soldiers had cheese as part of their rations. At mid-day to early afternoon, Romans ate cena, the main meal of the day, and at nightfall a light supper called vesperna. How many meals did they eat? What was dinner called? Most of the time lunch was a cold meal left over from the night before. What was the room called that they would use in order to eat more? It was eaten freshly made or preserved, and formed an important ingredient of bread and fancy cakes. "The Romans believed it was healthier to eat only one meal a day," food historian Caroline Yeldham told BBC News Magazine in 2012. The Romans ate three meals during a typical day. At midday they ate a light meal of fish, cold meat, bread and vegetables. It was usually eaten around sunrise and consisted of bread and maybe some fruit. For breakfast plebeians normally had Bread and water. But that was very rare that they ever did. Cheeses were abundant and varied and, much enjoyed — smoked cheese was a particular favourite, many foreign varieties being imported by the Romans. In general, Romans ate three meals during the day, in which women also participated. The Romans ate a breakfast of bread or a wheat pancake eaten with dates and honey. Rome was a hierarchical society too, and the slave ate an enormously different diet from the master he served. Cold meat was also eaten by the plebeians during lunchtime. 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