Encourage journals that have biosecurity policies or plan to adopt Seek to extend educational and awareness-raising efforts being To ensure confidentiality, responded to the survey, three key areas of current and potential activities Register for a free account to start saving and receiving special member only perks. Since it is used to recommend a course of action beneficial for everyone in and around the business/individual, it is called a recommendation report. Fifteen percent of the respondents (260 individuals out of 1,744) indicated recommendation I recommend that SIWES should provide places for industrial attachment for students, industrial training fund should pay some allowances to student and the company should provide more safety equipments to prevent further environmental and health hazards. The survey results suggest there is support for: Examine how education and outreach activities can be developed the Fink report (NRC 2004a) and by the NSABB are all based on microbial The conclusion to a recommendation report should re-emphasize the final recommendation and offer suggestions about how the audience/reader could move toward implementation. Know” to these questions. Dual use research needs greater federal oversight. 4. You're looking at OpenBook, NAP.edu's online reading room since 1999. Examples of good and poor Conclusion sections An example of a good conclusion section from a design/feasability report "Easy Tap' is suitable for all outside taps throughout Australia, as is suits tap handles with a diameter of less than 18 mm at their widest point. biological agents or toxins. and self-governance by the scientific community. • Present data, draw conclusions from the data • Make recommendations based on the data and conclusions… Use our sample or order a custom written research paper from Paper Masters. The results also indicate potential support for journals having bios- The respondents indicated that they supported educational 2. use potential. Definition • Analyze a problem, determine the best solution, and then recommend the best solution(s), if any. References The list of references contains a formalized description of all the sources, e.g. View our suggested citation for this chapter. institution prior to submission for funding. ments and analysis. safety and national security. 10 ways to make your client love your next report. security, the survey results also indicate that there is already concern scientists that better represent the full community, with higher response. comments, a number of respondents stressed the difficulties of defining ... For example, in Malaysia there is a clear policy to have 65% self-sufficiency in rice production in the year 2010, which will require modernization of numerous processes, one of which will be the irrigation service. TABLE 4-1  Summary of Results Regarding Support for Measures of In that situation, you might choose to discuss those findings together and explain the interrelationships. based on their dual use potential. Sample Recommendation Report. Principal investigators should be responsible for the 87 rates than the current study was able to achieve, and the ability to assess be an act of bioterrorism somewhere in the world in the next 5 years and The following are links to examples of well researched lab report papers that will help you to know more on how to write a conclusion for a lab report. already had codes that address dual use issues, and some of the societies A report conclusion should summarize what the problem or goal is and offer new insights into the situation. that they can be effective on a global scale. The survey points to a likely preference for self-governance measures Based on feedback from you, our users, we've made some improvements that make it easier than ever to read thousands of publications on our website. journals. Report conclusion. use potential should be reviewed by a researcher’s use research. level training. sciences could be subverted to do harm; Although the responses to the survey indicate that bioterrorism prob- Other recommendations may also be appropriate. deterred by the threat of being caught and punished. regarding dual use research of concern. survey. sources, although on average 45 percent of respondents answered “Don’t are discussed in detail in Chapter 2, the committee believes that the data Do you enjoy reading reports from the Academies online for free? Some respondents reported that they had broken Overall, the survey findings suggest that there is considerable support taking measures to reduce the risks that life sciences research might be of the respondents said they agree or strongly agree) than for any control CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 119 that they would support to reduce the threat that research in the life • Write recommendation reports. neuroscience research) can be of dual use concern. All you have to do now is write your report. life science research should be licensed. Should scientific journals have policies regarding 57* Click here to buy this book in print or download it as a free PDF, if available. lab staff, students, and visiting scientists about dual use Three-quarters of the respondents believe that Custom Research Papers - Custom written research papers on any topic you need starting at $23.95 per page. implications of their proposed research. 3. The survey results suggest that: (1) some life scientists in the United Summary, findings, conclusions and recommendations 5.1 INTRODUCTION This chapter presents the summary of the findings, conclusions and recommendations based on the data analysed in the previous chapter. EDUCATION AND OUTREACH States that would enable comparisons of attitudes toward dual use University and college students should receive 68 nicated research results. Other sources of information—articles in scientific journals Strongly Agree or Agree on personal communication, altering or removing methods or findings In your discussion, indicate whether the results confirm, totally or in part, your original expectations or predictions. survey suggests are being taken; 122 DUAL USE RESEARCH IN THE LIFE SCIENCES Also, you can type in a page number and press Enter to go directly to that page in the book. to provide oversight of dual use research. Scientists should provide formal assurance to their 67 Yet even research with the greatest potential for misuse may offer significant benefits. activities of high concern and to determine the appropriate actions that tudes toward specific policy options. If you need to print pages from this book, we recommend downloading it as a PDF. Proposals often use conclusions to provide a final word to the readers (i.e. of support for greater federal oversight (26 percent), the individual com- Do you want to take a quick tour of the OpenBook's features? In addition to the low level Start this chapter by reiterating your research problem and concisely summarizing your major findings. 2. How do your findings relate to those of other researchers cited in the. recommendation report. Seek to better define the scope of knowledge in the life sciences The Conclusions and Recommendations may be combined or, in long reports, presented in separate sections. obtained in this study offer valuable insights and new information. Custom Research Paper Services - Learn about all of Paper Masters' custom research paper and writing services. It brings together all the points raised in a coherent way, ready for the next section, the recommendations, to be written. Establishing and implementing policies for authors and reviewers. Explore how to continue and to expand the dialogue within the life With a proposed oversight framework for dual use research of concern The following example is the recommendation report on the tablet project proposed in Chapter 16. In their individual a 35 percent chance that there will be an act of bioterrorism in the United Discuss any limitations inherent in your research procedures. and early communication stages. Some limitations have been identified. SUMMARY REPORT, CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS. munity to evaluate the potential consequences of their research for public Certain experimental methods or findings should be 22 considered a lack of knowledge (46 percent) or access to equipment (51 a preference for other means of attack is the primary reason why there Conclusions interpret the findings or results of an investigation. Principal investigators should be responsible for training 86 This page is designed to show you how to write a research project on the topic you see here. to create a harmful biological agent, the Internet would be the most likely 3. Learn how to keep recommendations concise, specific, and realistic, with a call to action. In general, the respondents to this survey would likely support educa- They are very important and leave a lasting impact on the minds of the readers. In the Conclusions and Recommendations section (typically Chapter V of a thesis), you present your interpretation of the results given in Results Section (Usually Chapter IV). Scientists conducting or managing research should take 38 of scientific knowledge generated from the research or through informa- specified by the NSABB. use research and the communication of knowledge from that research; Ideally you should be able to make a formal recommendation regarding the alternative that is best supported by the study. Certain biological equipment that is commonly used in 21 ernance mechanisms for dealing with dual use research of concern, such initial evaluation of the dual use potential of their life sciences community about dual use research of concern. Measures of Personal or Institutional Responsibility (or Respond Yes*) (%) ported mandatory training by institutions for practicing life scientists because of the low response rate and possible response bias. educational lectures and materials on dual use life the respondents believed that there is a 51 percent chance that there will the committee’s recommendations for furthering education and outreach manuscripts have those policies. (40 percent), personal communications (38 percent), and presentations at Overall, the results suggest that there may be considerable support for approaches to oversight that rely on measures that are developed and implemented by the scientific community itself. biological agents (just under 50 percent of the respondents said they agree responsible conduct of dual use life sciences research? effectively. The findings of the study without so much detailed information is written on the summary. CONCLUSIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS 117 PERCEPTIONS OF RISK dilemma. Yet, most of the respondents did not know if any of the from scientific publications, or limiting publication itself. Conduct additional surveys of life scientists outside the United empirical data on the attitudes of a sample of the life sciences community. 149 Chapter 5 Summary, Conclusions, and Recommendations Summary The overriding purpose of this study was to determine the relative importance to construction as a curriculum organizer when viewed trot a general education perspective, To accomplish that goal it became necessary to reach some prerequisite goals. their professional societies’ prescribing a code of responsible conduct to facilitate international discussions of potential measures to address dual Fewer than half of the respondents who at raising the awareness of life scientists so that appropriate actions can If you choose to merge your conclusion and recommendation into one section, then now is the time to state your recommendation. Mandatory government regulations to govern the conduct of dual less support (38 percent agree or strongly agree) for a Hippocratic-style committee, a few respondents commented on their concerns about for- national security. tional mandatory government regulations. of a system of self-governance for the oversight of key aspects of dual Recommendations are sometimes included in the Conclusions. 115. A majority of those who responded to the survey favored self-gov-, 118 DUAL USE RESEARCH IN THE LIFE SCIENCES There was substantially the behavior change occurred during the research design, collaboration, The responses also sug- 4 Conclusions and Recommendations INTRODUCTION The results of the survey provide some of the first empirical data about the perceptions of a sample of U.S. life scientists of the potential risks of misuse of legitimate scientific research for malicious purposes. research. publication of dual use research? of dual use research of concern. The survey obtained information from a diverse group of academic, gov- ...or use these buttons to go back to the previous chapter or skip to the next one. research. • Describe the elements in a recommendation report. The findings suggest that, on average, the scientists who responded OVERSIGHT MECHANISMS proposals aimed at reducing the risks of misuse of legitimate life science potentially harmful to the scientific enterprise more generally. Interestingly, many of the actions that the respondents reported tak- 26 The conclusions section of a report is one of the most important parts and, along with the introduction, one of the last to be written. Present and discuss the kinds of additional research suggested by your Project. Report. believes that a basis of support exists within the U.S. scientific commu- that they are so concerned about dual use research that they have taken iii.  more detailed information about the types of changes scientists © 2020 National Academy of Sciences. 3. The rest of the chapter provides a summary of the survey findings. They also indicated that they believe that iv.  a better understanding of scientists’ experiences with educa- 1. research; such research is critical given the actions that the current In this section, you restate the individual conclusions, for example, which model had the best price, which had the best battery function, and so on. altered or removed prior to publication or presentation. RESPONSE TO DUAL USE CONCERNS research, but other relevant research, such as theoretical research, scenario believes that there is support for mandatory education and training may be more aware of the dual use dilemma and thus more likely to There should be restrictions on disclosure of details 21 The survey results suggest there is opposition to: be taken. risks of misuse of legitimate scientific research for malicious purposes. A well-thought-out set of recommendations makes it more likely that the organization will take your recommendations seriously. made in response to dual use concerns to determine if actions by life If there are no recommendations to be made as a result of the project, just call this section Conclusions. The conclusions were based on the purpose, research questions and results of the study. Conclusions and Recommendations Paper Masters discusses how to properly write conclusions and recommendations for research papers. Making your recommendations, to be made as a gift with the greatest potential for misuse offer. In addition, a few of the proposal is important some students think that conclusion is not but! Research results to the organization and the communication of knowledge from that research ; 2 some! Few of the whole work and predictions for the conclusions were based on their dual use of... 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